High-level secret talks between the Turkish government and Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) collapsed in June 2011 followed by escalating violence. A ceasefire was later reached on March 21, 2013 but broke down on July 25, 2015.
*2017 data includes only the Jan. 1 nightclub incident.
Source: Data until 2015 is from Global Terorrism Database. Data for 2016 is compiled from media reports. Only attacks with fatalities are included.
Kuang Keng Kuek Ser / PRI